Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry dealing with the treatment of teeth irregularities, especially occlusion and alignment, and jaws that are improperly positioned. Crooked teeth that don’t fit together are harder to clean, posing higher risks of being lost early as a result of tooth decay or periodontal disease. Because the teeth and jaw are not properly aligned, extra effort and stress on chewing muscles cause headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. The benefits of orthodontic treatment include improved appearance, healthier mouth and stronger teeth. Orthodontists specialize in orthodontics who helps patients correct occlusions, bites and alignment of teeth. An orthodontist has additional two or more years of education in an approved training program apart from the four year general dentistry course.
It is only a dentist or orthodontist who can perform diagnostic procedures to determine if you ‘ll benefit from an orthodontic treatment. Diagnostic evaluation involves full physical examination, dental health history, clinical exam, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. If you are suffering from overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing or crowding, then you are a good candidate for an orthodontic treatment. An overbite or “buck teeth” is when upper front teeth lies to far forward, sticking out over the lower teeth. An underbite or “bulldog” is when the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward. Crossbite is the term that applies if upper teeth don’t come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting. The presence of space between the biting surfaces of the side and front teeth when the back teeth bite together is termed as an open bite. Misplaced midline refers to the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Spacing or gaps are caused by missing teeth. Crowding refers to the dental ridge teeth accumulation.
There are many types of appliances, categorized into two which are fixed and removable, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear, while fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers. Braces consist of bands, wires and brackets, and are considered the most common type of fixed appliances. Brackets are used to bond the front tooth, and the bands are fixed around the tooth or teeth and used as anchors for the appliance.
A Beginners Guide To Orthodontists
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